In the first reading, “Jagged Worldviews Colliding” it states that there are “always other ways of interpreting the world.” When coming across this point, I thought back to Gales Mathematics presentation and how we can all do math but some of us interpret it differently. Throughout my schooling, I never witnessed or experiences any form of discrimination or oppression in math. We had a choice on which math class we wanted to take in high school. If we received high grades in junior high, the math classes we could take were more open. Math classes were only for the “smart” kids. When I was in grade 12 I was enrolled in Math 30-1. I was doing well in this class but had to drop it before the diploma because I would have failed in the end. Having these standardized tests for math was terrible. If you did not have a certain grade going into the test, your teacher would basically tell you to drop the class because you would not want a failing mark on your transcript. These tests lead a lot of students from taking higher-level math classes because the math diplomas were always the most difficult.
In the second reading “Teaching Mathematics and the Inuit community” it challenges the norm. This culture experiences a different and more open way to math then we do in our community. People in the Inuit experience math in their preferred language for the first 3 years of school. Their math allows students to be more open-minded. It challenges the norm because they have various terms for the same number, they have base 20 numeral system and they are taught orally through their elders. The students in the class are only asked questions that the teacher believes the students are prepared to answer. I believe we should be continuing to challenge the Eurocentric ideas about math and make math fit everyone’s needs and cultures.
Throughout my school experience, I never thought about a single story. I believed that everything we encountered in school was important due to society. Reflection back to high school, I remember learning about our history, the history of white Canadians. We did not learn about other countries or learn about how people have different values. We mainly focused on learning about the government and where we sat on the political spectrum. Our singe story was based around middle class white citizens. White privilege dominated in my school system, therefore that is what we learned about. We learned how we should vote and learned about the world wars that maybe our ancestors participated in.
Since my knowledge in school revolved around white knowledge, I only looked at the world through my personal lens. I did not see racism as an issue or knew about white privileges. Every day I saw the world, as how I wanted to see it and what revolved around me. Being in university has challenged my thoughts. We are learning about colonization, discrimination, stereotypes and racism. These concepts that we learn about resolve around varies perspectives and cultures. It allows me to look into the world deeper and find a greater understanding. It is important for me as a future teacher to be challenged by these concepts in university. It is essential to learn about different cultures and to know about reality. I am going to be faced with various abilities and backgrounds everyday in the future, therefore I believe that I need to challenge the bias’s I hold and accept knew understandings.
As portrayed in the effects of Alzheimer’s, the brain loses many cells. These cells are destroyed from plaque and the tangles that are built up in the cells. This leads to the brain starting to shrink and the brain will start to lose function. Therefore, the life expectancy for Alzheimer’s patients is not very high due to the damage the disease does to their brain. Since there is no cure for this disease, the patients have to rely on drugs that slow done the process rather than cure it which will lead to death.
The life expectancy for a person, who is diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, averages from 8-10 years after diagnoses. But, it could be as short as 3 years or as long as 20 years. Women are more likely to live longer than men.
A person which Alzheimer’s can experience three different stages.
Early Stage- Mild
In this stage a person can still live a normal life. They can continue to support themselves and do daily tasks. However, they have memory lapses which, can include forgetting previous destinations and commonly used vocabulary. They start to have memory or concentration problems.
Middle Stage- Moderate
In this stage, a person will start to need more care and assistance. Their behaviour starts to change which, will affect their mood negatively. Their memory will become weaker and will start to have sleeping problems.
Late Stage- Severe
In this stage, the person needs extensive care with daily life activities. Alzheimer’s effects a person’s physical ability and they cannot respond to the environment. Their memory and cognitive skills weaken.
There currently is no cure for Alzheimer’s Disease, but there are a few treatments.
These treatments are:
Razadyne, Exelon, Aricept and Cognex are all drugs designed to prevent breakdown of acetylcholine in the brain. There are various side effects of each drug, a few include, weight loss, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting and lose of appetite.
Namenda is another drug that protects brain nerve cells against excess amounts of glutamate. The side effects of Namenda include, back pains, constipation, diarrhea, drowsiness, headaches, pain and weight gain.
Namzaric is a combination of Namenda and Aricept with the same side effects.
The main body part that Alzheimer’s disease effects are the brain and how it functions. It damages and kills brain cells. Cells are lost and the connection between the cells breaks. When cells are killed in the brain, it leads to the brain shrinking. The changes your brain establishes due to loss of brain cells contributes to how you act and think. This affects your personality and you behavior. It leads to memory loss, locally thinking, decision-making and performing certain tasks.
Two Types of Abnormalities:
- A protein called beta-amyloid creates a plaque on the outside of the brain cells that damage and destroy the cells is the main suspect of Alzheimer’s so far
- Tav proteins twist into abnormal tangles, which leads to failure of the transport system. Failure of the transport system, leads to failure of caring nutrients in the brain.